Graduate in law, University Warsaw, Poland. Doctor (honorary), University Genua and Catholic University Louvain, 1991.
Editor-in-chief, Wroclawski Tygodnik Katolicki,, until 1954; co-organizer, now deputy president, Warsaw Club Catholic Intelligentsia, 1956; co-founder, editor-in-chief, Wiez monthly,, 1958-1981; member, Polish Parliament (ZNAK-Parliamentary Fraction), Warsaw, 1961-1972; chief advisor, Solidarity Trade Union, 1980-1989; prime minister, Government of Poland, Warsaw, 1989-1990; president, Democratic Union, since 1990. Member Polish Parliament, since 1990, member parliamentary defense committee, chairman extraordinary parliamentary constitutional committee.
Widowed, 1970; 3 sons.