He was the sport's 32nd yokozuna. He died whilst still an active wrestler. He joined Nishonoseki stable but the stable was very small at that time.
Therefore, he often visited Dewanoumi stable and was trained by yokozuna Tochigiyama Moriya. He later became head coach of Nishonoseki stable whilst still active in the ring, and under his leadership the stable enjoyed one of its most successful periods in its history. In January 1932, the "Shunjuen Incident" (春秋園事件, Shunjuen-Jiken) broke out.
The incident was the biggest walkout in sumo history. He was one of eleven top division wrestlers who remained in sumo and became the first head of Rikishikai (力士会), or the association of active sumo wrestlers. He was the first yokozuna in sumo since the retirement of Miyagiyama a year and a half earlier.
His promotion was seen as a reward for staying with the Sumo Association and helping them through the Shunjuen incident. Tamanishiki often went to Tatsunami stable and trained wrestlers, such as later yokozuna Futabayama Sadaji. Tatsunami stable was small at that time, but the stable became stronger in the sumo world later on.
Tamanishiki defeated Futabayama the first six times they met in competition, but he was never able to beat him again after Futabayama began his record winning run in 1936. Tamanishiki was the first yokozuna to raise one leg high while performing yokozuna dohyō-iri (the yokozuna ring-entering ceremony). His style was said to have been beautiful and when Futabayama was promoted to yokozuna he emulated this style.
This style is very popular now in yokozuna ceremonies. In 1938, Tamanishiki died while an active sumo wrestler, following a delayed appendectomy.