Bachelor, Turku (Finland) University, 1968. Master of Arts, Turku (Finland) University, 1970. Master in Business Administration, Jyvaskyla (Finland), 1995.
Process engineer, Rauma-Repola Corporation, Rauma, 1970-1973; Information Technology coordinator, Rauma-Repola Corporation, Rauma, 1973-1977; Management Information System manager, Rauma-Repola Corporation, Rauma, 1977-1981; Management Information System manager, Tervakoski (Finland) Corporation, 1981-1985; manager, Kymi Paper Company, Kuusankoski, Finland, 1986-1987; director, Kymmene Corporation, Kuusankoski, 1987-1990; vice president, Kymmene Corporation, Helsinki, Finland, since 1990. Consultant manufacturing companies, 1984-1991. Teacher Helsinki School Economics and Business Administration, since 1989.
Member Finnish Paper Engineers' Association, Finnish Society Automation, Finnish Information Processing Association.
Married Tuula Anneli Mäki, December 27, 1969. Children: Tea Anna, Piia Laura, Aila Sini.