Master of Science, State Technology University, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1982. Diploma cum laude (honorary), Technology University, 1983. Postgraduate, Electron Research Institute, St. Petersburg.
Doctor of Philosophy, Ioffe Physico-Technology Institute, St. Petersburg, 1993.
Researcher Electron Research Institute. Senior researcher Ioffe Physico-Technology Institute, since 1993. Teacher Technology University, St. Petersburg, 1993-1998.
Member Electrochemical Society, Carbon Society.
Married Aleksandr Makarov (divorced August 1999). 1 child, Anna Makarova.