She graduated from N. I. Lobachevsky Gorky State University (1978) with a degree in Industrial Economy.
Since 1978, Golendeeva had worked at S. Ordjonikidze Gorky Aviation Plant, then – at “Electromash” plant for the next 16 years. Since 1991, she had been Chief Inspector of Nizhny Novgorod customs. Then Golendeeva had been First Deputy Chief of the Volga Customs Administration – Chief of Customs Expenses Service. On September 10, 2004, she was appointed Deputy Chief of the Federal Customs Service.