Student, University Washington, 1941. Student, University of California at Los Angeles and Los Angeles State University, 1954. Student, Oxford University, England, 1980.
Drama critic Seattle Daily Times, 1942. Industrial writer, reporter-editor Los Angeles Daily News, 1948-1951. Contributor Steel, Western Metals, Western Industry, from 1951.
Past poetry director Watts Writers Workshop. Instructor Westside Poetry Center. Assistant director Pacific Coast Writers Conf, California State College Los Los Angeles.
Served with United States Army Air Force, 1942-1946.
Son of; married Dorothy Pauline Maltese, June 1, 1942. Children: Lynn, Juliet.