Upon graduating from Military Academy was commissioned second lieutenant in 1910. He graduated from Military Staff College in 1917.
Teiichi Suzuki served successively as chief of Press Section of War Ministry from 1933, director of Military Staff College and chief of Staff Section. While a major general became director of Administrative Department of Asia Development Board and then elevated to lieutenant general.
He became State Minister and director of Planning Board in the second Konoe Cabinet in 1941. He continued in the same posts in the 3rd Konoe and Tojo cabinets. He resigned with the fall of the Tojo Cabinete in 1944, he became Imperial nominee to Plouse of Peers in 1943.
After the end of World War II was tried as war criminal and sentenced to life imprisonment at Sugamo Prison, but was released in 1956.