Attended, Major Seminary, St. ALbert's College, Ranchi, India. Attended, Pontifical Urbanian College, Rome. Bachelor, St. Xavier's College.
Master of Arts, Ranchi University.
Ordained priest Diocese of Dumka, India, 1969. Teacher, headmaster St. Joseph's High School, Torpa, India. Founder, director Lievens Vocational Center.
Ordained bishop, 1978. Bishop Diocese of Dumka, India, 1978—1984. Coadjutor archbishop Archdiocese of Ranchi, India, 1984—1985, archbishop, since 1985.
Elevated to cardinal, 2003. Cardinal-priest S. Cuore di Gesu agonizzante a Vitinia, since 2003. President Catholic Bishops Conference India.
Member Congregation for Evangelization of Peoples, Pontifical Council for Inter-religious Dialogue.