He graduated from the Department of Physics at Tbilisi State University in 1984. He attended diplomatic courses at the universities of Oxford and Birmingham (1998), the Yale University World Fellows Program (2002), and the Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government (2003).
On November 20, 2010, his nomination as Ambassador to the United States was announced. After change of government in Georgia he resigned on November 8, 2013. From 1990 to 2001, he worked for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia where he last served as the Director of the United States., Canada and Latin America Department.
He has authored several publications on national security, conflict management, and foreign relations.
On January 31, 2008, he was appointed by the President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili as State Minister of Georgia for Reintegration. He is the architect of Georgia"s strategy of engagement with the Russian-occupied regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which aims to "promote interaction among the divided populations of Georgia, currently separated by occupation lines."
On November 20, 2010, his nomination as Ambassador to the United States was announced.
In February 2012, he was awarded the Presidential Order of Excellence. So ambassador Yakobashvili took the consequences and announced his resignation on 8 November.
As president Mikheil Saakashvili hesitated with approval of new ambassadors, suggested by the new government, it lasted until March 2013 that the successor for Yakobashvili, Archil Gegeshidze, had been appointed.
The victory of the "Georgian dream" at the parliamentary elections in Georgia on October 1, 2012 and the formation of a new government under Bidzina Ivanishvili on October 25 led to changes of the diplomatic staff