Tilghman, Tench was born on December 25, 1744 in “Fausley,” Talbot County, Maryland, United States. Son of James and Anna (Francis) Tilghman.
Graduated from College, Academy and Charitable School of Philadelphia (now University of Pennsylvania), 1761.
Merchant, Philadelphia, 1761-1775. Secretary and treasurer to commissioner of Continental Congress Six Nations, 1775. Captain of an independent company which joined Flying Camp, 1776.
Aide-de-camp and personal military secretary to General Washington, 1776-1781. Commissioned lieutenant colonel Continental Army for service to General Washington. Selected for honor of carrying message of Cornwallis’ surrender to Continental Congress, 1781.
Married Anna Maria Tilghman (cousin), June 9, 1783, 2 children.