He graduated in 1920, and subsequently entered the Taipei Normal School (臺北師範學校). In 1925, Teng graduated from Taipei Normal School, and became a teacher of the Rixin Public School (日新公學校).
He is noted for composing many well-known Hokkien songs. Teng gave himself a Japanese-style pen-name as Karasaki Yau (唐崎夜雨) and a formal name called Higashida Gyōu (東田曉雨). Teng is regarded as the Father of Taiwanese folk songs.
He migrated to Daitotei (Twatutia) with his family when he was three years old.
In 1914, Teng joined Bangka Public School (艋舺公學校). Teng returned to Taiwan in 1930, then served as a translator in Taichung District Court.
In 1932, he was invited by Wen-sheng Records (文聲唱片) to compose the March of the Daitotei (大稻埕行進曲), a Japanese popular song which was thought to be lost, until it was rediscovered by a collector in 2007. Later, he was interested in Columbia Records, an early disc company in Taiwan, and was invited by Chen Chun-yu, a songwriter that served as an officer of the Columbia Records.
In 1933, Teng composed several well-known Hokkien songs such as Bang Chhun Hong (望春風) and Goat Iowa Chhiu (月夜愁).
He made a representative work U Iowa Hoe (雨夜花) in 1934, a song that depicts the mood of a fictional pathetic woman. Between 1934 and 1937, Teng composed many other songs include the Moa Bin Chhun Hong (滿面春風) and Su Kui Hong (四季紅). After the World World War II occurred in 1937, the Japanese government began to reinforce the influence of Japanese culture, thus suppressed the development of the Taiwanese Hokkien songs.
Many of songs that composed by Teng were banned, and some were rewritten into Japanese language.
In 1939, the Pacific War became much more heavily, thus Teng resigned from his job and evacuated to Cyonglin of Hsinchu with his family, then served as a teacher in the Cyonglin Public School (芎林公學校). His health situation was gradually turned down at that time, but he still composed some Japanese songs.
At that time, Teng named himself two Japanese names Karasaki Yosame and Higashida GyōUniversity On June 11, 1944, he died from lung disease and heart disorder at Jhudong, Hsinchu.