He graduated Holercani school in 1989 cum laudae, in 1989 was admitted and studied a year at the State University of Sports of Moldova, then changed his mind and in 1990 was admitted to the Faculty of Law of Moldova State University, in 1995 graduated it and works as professor
In 2006, he became Executive Director of the Moldovan Helsinki Committee for Human Rights, position held until 2011. In 2000, Cârnaţ graduated the Faculty of Applied Modern Languages (English Language) at Moldova State University, also in 2000 he obtained the Masters Degree in law. Teodor Cârnaţ was awarded scientific degree of doctor of philosophy (Doctor of Philosophy) in Law in 2001, and since 2004 he is conferred the academic title of University Associate Professor (docent) at the Department of "Constitutional Law and Administrative Law" of Moldova State University.
In 2009 Cârnaţ obtained the degree of Doctor Habilitatus in Law, with the thesis paper "Theory and practice of elimination of forms of discrimination in the conditions of contemporany constitutionalism in the Republic of Moldova".
Likewise, since June 2009, Teodor Cârnaţ holds the Bachelor of Science in Economics degree, Moldova University of European Studies. He serves as an independent municipal councilor, elected on June 5, 2011 to Chişinău Municipal Council.
On the 24th of December 2013, Teodor Carnat was elected by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova as a member of the Superior Council of Magistracy.