Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery in Medicine, University Singapore, 1963. Doctor of Medicine in Surgical Thesis, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 1982.
Professor, department surgery National University Singapore, 1988—1999, fellow, department surgery, since 1999. Emeritus consultant National University Hospital, Singapore, since 2006. Consultant surgeon Ti Surgical Clinic Mount Elizabeth Medical Center, Singapore.
Fellow: Royal College Surgeons Edinburgh, Royal Australiasian College Surgeons, Royal College Surgeons England.