Bachelor, Indiana University, 1964. Master in City Regional Planning, Rutgers University, 1971. Doctor of Philosophy, Rutgers University, 1973.
Chief planner Massachusetts Department Community Affairs, 1972-1974. Private practice consultant Rome, 1974-1976. Visiting assistant professor Hunter College, New York City, 1976-1977.
Assistant professor Columbia University, 1977-1981. Private practice consultant Berkeley, California, 1982-1985. Director Queens/S.I. planning New York City Department Housing Preservation and Development, 1986-1988.
With New York City Department City of Planning, 1988-1994. Professor, chair Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, since 1995.
Member Planners Network (steering committee since 1994).