Bachelor in Social Work, St. John's U., Collegeville, Minnesota, 1954; Master of Social Work, St. Saint Louis University, 1958; Doctor of Philosophy in Social Work, University of Minnesota, 1966.
Psychiatric social worker, St. Louis Eastern State Hospital, 1959-1960;
director, Minneapolis Rehabilitation Center, 1960-1961;
director, Peace Corps, Honduras, 1962-1964;
assistant professor, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1974-1973;
professor social work, U. Iowa, Iowa City, since 1973;
director School Social Work, U. Iowa, Iowa City, 1973-1978. Co-director Institute for Social Development, Patzcuaro, Mexico, since 1975. Vice president Bench Press, Iowa City, since 1988.
Coordinator Gandhi Institute on Peace and Justice, Iowa City, since 1990.
With United States Army, 1954-1956. Member National Association of Social Workers (chapter president 1966), International Association Schools Social Work, Council on Social Work Education, Mid-American Congress on Aging (president 1983-1984, achievement award 1991), Inter-University Consortium on International Social Development (board directors 1985-1992, achievement award 1991), American Gerontology Society.
Children: Mark, Jennifer, Charles, Ruth, Paul, James.