Sherman, Thomas West was born on March 26, 1813 in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. Son of Elijah and Martha (West) Sherman.
Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1836.
Second lieutenant United States Army, 1836. Served in Cherokee Indian Territory during Florida War, 1836-1838. Became quartermaster 1846.
Served as captain under General Zachary Taylor, Mexican War, 1846. Brevetted major for service in Battle of Buena Vista, 1848. Commanded expedition to Yellow River, Minnesota.
Served in expedition to Kettle Lake, Dakota, 1859. Major and lieutenant colonel United States Army, brigadier general United States Volunteers, 1861. Seized Bull’s Bay, South Carolina. and Fernandina, Florida, 1861.
Commanded land forces Port Royal expedition, October 1861-March 1862, captured Port Royal. Commanded division under General Henry W. Halleck, 1862. Colonel 3d Artillery, 1863.
Brevetted brigadier general United States Army for gallant service at capture Port Hudson, 1864. Successful in command of defenses of New Orleans, Southern and Eastern district of Louisiana. Major general United States Volunteers, circa 1865.
Retired as major general United States Army, circa 1871.
Married Mary Shannon, circa 1850, at least 1 child.