Bachelor, Pennsylvania State University, 1967; Master of Arts in Russian Literature, Columbia University, 1970; Master in International Affairs, Columbia University, 1972.
Research assistant, project director, deputy vice president, vice president, senior vice president, United Nations Association of the United States of America, 1972-1993; special assistant to the president for national security affairs, National Security Council senior director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasian States, National Security Council, 1993; assistant secretary for intelligence and research, Department State, Washington, 1993-1997; senior international advisor, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, Washington, since 1997. Consultant ABC World Tonight, 1986, Ford Foundation, 1987-1989, Business Development Manager International, 1989. Member Council on Fgn Rels., International Institute for Strategic Studies.
M. Charles Gati; 2 children. 3 stepchildren.