Bachelor, Roosevelt University, 1968. Master of Arts, Arizona State University, 1973.
Retired lieutenant colonel United States Marine Corps, 1945-1968. Retired educator, 1970-1984. Member Arizona House of Representatives, 1991-1998, Arizona Senate, District 26, Phoenix, since 1998.
Member appropriations committee, member education committee Arizona State Senate, vice-chairman judiciary committee, chairman rules committee.
Active Scottdale Cultural Center, Phoenix Symphony. Member Scottsdale School District Governing Board, 1983-1986. Member Veterans of Foreign Wars (life), 1st Marine Division Association (life), Retired Officers Association, Retired Teachers Association, Navy Mutual Aid Association, Mustang Association, China Marine Association.
Married Sarah Jane Smith. 7 children.