Bachelor of Information Technology, ML Sultan Technology, Durban, South Africa, 1995. Master of Information Technology, ML Sultan Technology, Durban, South Africa, 1999. Master of Science, University Natal, 2003.
Systems analyst, programmer Toyota Manufacturing Ltd., Durban, South Africa, 1979-1982. Computer software support specialist Mercedes-Benz South Africa, South Africa, 1982-1990. Information analyst eThekweni Municipality, since 1990.
Major South African Defense Force, 1977-1997. Member South African Institute Industrial Engineers, Southern Africa Institute Management Services, Computer Society South Africa.