Doctor of Medicine, University Naples, Italy, 1981; Doctor of Philosophy in Cardiovasc. Pathophysiology, University Milan, Italy, 1996.
Resident department surgery University Milan, 1983—1988, fellow department surgery, 1988—1992, researcher department surgery, since 1993, professor, researcher, 2000—2006, professor surgery, since 2006; Reviewer Journal Thoracic and Cardiovasc. Surgery, 2002; external clinical reviewer Lancet, since 2006; member editorial board Open Cardiovasc. and Thoracic Surgery Journal; reviewer Thorax, 2009, Ann Thorac Surgical, 2009; Reviewer: Medical Journal International Surgery, 1990, European Journal Cardiothoracic Surgery Index Copernicus Thorax, 2009, Annals of Thoracic Surgery, since 2009.