Bachelor of Arts, University Helsinki, 1941; Master of Arts, University Helsinki, 1942.
With Finnish Diplomatic Service, 1943-1957; member board management, Kansallis-Osake-Pankki, Helsinki, since 1957; executive vice president, Helsinki, 1964-1975; president, Helsinki, 1975-1983. Chairman supervisory board Rauma-Repola Oy, Helsinki, since 1976, Perusyhtymä Oy, Helsinki, since 1980, Huhtamäki Oy, Turku, since 1979.
Chairman Foundation Research of Heart Diseases, Helsinki, since 1982.
Married Irja Haapanen, April 11, 1943. Children– Leena Makkonen Linnasalmi, Kari, Heikki.