His ancestors were Polish noblemen who came from southern Germany.
Vasiliy Alexandrovich Vonlyarlyarsky was born on April 12, 1814, in Smolensk, Russian Federation. He was the son of a participant in the Suvorov campaigns, Lieutenant Alexander Vonlyarlyarsky (1776-1853) from his marriage to Sophia Ivanovna Khrapovitskaya(1782- ?). From the old (from the 17th century) nobility of the Smolensk province (ancestors are Polish gentry, natives of southern Germany).