Master of Science, I.A.R.I., New Delhi, India, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, 1970.
Research fellow Carlsberg Laboratory, Copenhagen, 1964-1965. Research associate Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 1971-1972. Research scientist Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, 1972-1980.
Senior scientist Philip Morris, Richmond, Virginia, since 1981. Visiting scientist Rockefeller University, New York City, 1985-1986. Project leader Philip Morris, Richmond, 1981-1984.
Technical leader since 1990. Consultant Unido, New Delhi, 1989, Osmania University, India, 1990, Government Saudi Arabia, 1988.
Organizer International Symposium on Industrial Biotechnology, Hyderabad, India, 1990. Member American Society Microbiology.
Married Susan Malik, February 6, 1980. Children: Ajay, Vijay.