Her husband was a renowned French commander, known as the Maréchal de Soubise. She died without descendants. He was head of the cadet branch of the wealthy and powerful House of Rohan, which, enjoyed the rank of princes étrangers at the court of Versailles.
Her husband was a two-time widower, having been married first to Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne (1722–1739), and secondly to Princess Anne Thérese of Savoy-Carignan (1717–1745). Victoire had two step-daughters from these marriages. Charlotte, future Princess of Condé and Madame de Guéméné, who became governess of the children of Louis XVI.
25 February 1728 – 23 December 1745 Princess Viktoria of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg
23 December 1745 – 1 July 1787 Princess de Soubise
1 July 1787 – 1 July 1792 Dowager Princess de Soubise.