1924 graduated Leningrad Polytechn. Institute.
1924-1931 associate, Physicotechn. Institute, USSR Academy of Science. 1955 member, Soviet delegation at Geneva International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.
1943-1953 corresponding member, USSR Academy of Science. 1960 Bureau member,Department of Chemical Science, USSR Academy of Science. Main works deal with chemical kinetics, molecular spectroscopy, structure of matter, photochemistry, and elementary processes in chemical conversions, etc.
Since religion offers a complete set of answers to the problems of purpose, morality, origins, or science, it discourages exploration of those areas by suppressing curiosity, denies its followers a broader perspective, and prevents social, moral and scientific progress.