Student, Manhattan College, 1940. Bachelor of Fine Arts, Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1946. Master of Arts, University Pittsburgh, 1948.
Postgraduate, Cleveland Institute Art, 1947. Postgraduate, Alfred University, 1948. Postgraduate, Showhegan School Art, 1949.
Postgraduate, Kalamazoo Institute Art, 1966. Doctor of Fine Arts (honorary), Duquesne University, 1981.
Partner, Technology Industrial Models, 1946-1948; with, Pittsburgh Public Schools, 1948-1952; instructor fine arts, U. Pittsburgh, 1952-1955; assistant professor, U. Pittsburgh, 1955-1958; associate professor, U. Pittsburgh, 1948-1961; professor, U. Pittsburgh, from 1961; chairman studio arts and art education, U. Pittsburgh, from 1968.