1907 graduated Medical Faculty, Moscow University.
1918 helped found Moscow Higher Medicine School. 1925 founded Medicine Biological Institute in Moscow. Founded and edited “Mediko-biologichesky zhurnal” (Medical Biological Journal).
Was Presidium member, USSR Academy of Medical Science. Founded Institute of Therapy at USSR Academy of Medical Science. For many years was Permanent Chairman, Cardiology Section, Moscow Society of Therapeutists.
One of first Russ, clinicians to study electrophysiology of the heart. His theory of the bicardiogram has won universal recognition and his classification of hypertonia is widely accepted. Works deal mainly with cardiology and clinical electrocardiography.
Со-Editor, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 1st and 2nd edition. Board member and honorary member, All-Union Society of Therapeutists. 1907-1911 intern, 1911-1913 Assistant, 1913-1918 lecturer, Faculty Therapeutic Clinic, Moscow University.
1918-1924 Dean and Director, Propedeutic Clinic, then Faculty Clinic, Moscow Higher Medicine School. 1925-1929 Director, Moscow Medicine Biological Institute. 1929-1952 Head of a Chair and Director, Hospital Therapeutic Clinic, Therapeutic Faculty, 2nd Moscow Medicine Institute.
Since 1944 was Academy Secretary,Department of Clinical Medicine, USSR Academy of Medical Science. 1944-1949 Director, Institute of Therapy, USSR Academy of Medical Science.
Religion is bad because it gets people to believe something untrue.