Certificate in journalism, Northwestern University, 1936; Bachelor of Arts, Syracuse University, 1941; A.M., Syracuse University, 1942; Doctor of Education, George Washington University, 1966.
Reporter, Elmira (New York) Star-Gazette, 1940; teacher English, Syracuse (New York) Public Schools, 1941; teacher English, Marcellus (New York) Public Schools, 1941; assistant editor, National Education Association, Washington, 1946-1965; associate editor, National Education Association, 1965-1968; managing editor, National Education Association, 1968-1975; editor, National Education Association, 1975-1980; teacher journalism workshops. Tutor District of Columbia public schools, 1970-1971.
Served with United States Naval Intelligence, 1942-1946. Member American Society Association Executives, American Society Business Press Editors, Educational Press Association, Federal Schoolmen's Club, Horace Mann League, National Education Association, Society National Association Publications.
Married Joanne Hutton Gardner, March 3, 1950. 1 son, Randall Walter.