Master of Science, Jagiellonian University, 1957. Doctor of Science, Jagiellonian University, 1965.
Biology teacher, High School, Szopienice, Poland, 1952-1958; biology teacher, High School, Bielsko-Biala, Poland, 1958-1967; deputy director Institute Biology, Cracow Pedagogical U., Poland, since 1967. Chief section biology Regional Teacher Training Center, Katowice, Poland, 1955-1967. Professor biology Cracow Pedagogical U., since 1991, department dean faculty geography and biology, 1993-1996.