Doctor of Medicine, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1982. Master of Business Administration, Webster University, 2001.
Intern Havenziekenhuis, Rotterdam, 1987-1990. Trainee pulmonary diseases University Hospital Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1990-2001. Chest physician Elkerliek Hospital, Helmond, The Netherlands, since 1991.
Research affiliate University Utrecht.
Married Carla Emma Vael, May 25, 1982. Children: Angelina, Claudine, Maxim.