He attended public schools, and graduated from Denison University, Granville, Ohio.
He then read law and after admission to the bar, he practiced in Newark, Ohio. Fulton was elected as a Democrat to the Ohio House of Representatives to the 79th (1911–1912) and 80th (1913–1914) General Assemblies. In the 80th Assembly, he authored the bill that Gerrymandered the state"s Congressional districts.
In 1916, Fulton was elected Ohio Secretary of State, and served 1917-1919.
Fulton married Josephine West. Wintermuth of Newark. Fulton died March, 1925 at Mount Clemens, Michigan.
He was city solicitor, and member of council.