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William Gibson Edit Profile

playwright , screenwriter , writer

William Gibson, American author. Recipient Harriet Monroe Memorial prize, 1945; named to Theater Hall of Fame, 2005.

Background

Gibson, William was born on November 13, 1914 in New York City. Son of George Irving and Florence (Doré) Gibson.

Education

Gibson graduated from the City College of New York in 1938, and was of Irish, French, German, Dutch and Russian ancestry.

Career

Gibson's Broadway debut had been with Two for the Seesaw in 1958, a critically acclaimed two-character play which starred Henry Fonda and, in her own Broadway debut, Anne Bancroft. It was directed by Arthur Penn. Gibson published a chronicle of the vicissitudes of rewriting for the sake of this production with a nonfiction book in the following year, The Seesaw Log.

Arthur Penn directed both the stage and film versions. His ill-received Golda (1977), a work about the late Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir became so popular in its revised version, Golda's Balcony (2003), that it set a record as the longest-running one-woman play in Broadway history on January 2, 2005. Gibson married Margaret Brenman-Gibson, a psychotherapist and biographer of Odets, in 1940.

After 1954, the couple would later move from Topeka, Kansas to Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where Margaret took a position as a psychoanalyst.

Achievements

  • He won the Tony Award for Best Play for The Miracle Worker in 1959, which he later adapted for the film version in 1962. His most famous play is The Miracle Worker (1959), the story of Helen Keller's childhood education, which won him the Tony Award for Best Play after he adapted it from his original 1957 telefilm script. He adapted the work again for the 1962 film version, receiving an Academy Award nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay.

    The same actresses who previously had won Tony Awards for their performances in the stage version, Anne Bancroft and Patty Duke, received Academy Awards for the film version as well.

Works

Religion

His other works include Dinny and the Witches (1948, revised 1961), in which a jazz musician incurs the wrath of three Shakespearean witches by blowing a riff which stops time. The book for the musical version of Clifford Odets' Golden Boy (1964), which earned him yet another Tony nomination. A Mass for the Dead (1968), an autobiographical family chronicle.

A Cry of Players (1968), a speculative account of the life of young William Shakespeare (with Anne Bancroft starring for Gibson, this time as Shakespeare's wife, Anne Hathaway). Goodly Creatures (1980), about Puritan dissident Anne Hutchinson. And Monday After the Miracle (1982), a continuation of the Helen Keller story.

Connections

Married Margaret Brenman, September 6, 1940 (deceased 2004). Children: Thomas, Daniel.

father:
George Irving Gibson

mother:
Florence (Doré) Gibson

spouse:
Margaret Brenman

children:
Thomas Gibson

Daniel Gibson