Graduate, Phillips Andover Academy, 1930. Bachelor, University Iowa, 1933. Master of Arts, University Iowa, 1936.
Master of Fine Arts, University Iowa, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy, University Iowa, 1958.
Assistant professor art, Drake U., 1937-1939; instructor art education, University of Wisconsin, 1939-1943; assistant professor, University of Wisconsin, 1946-1948; professor, director, School Art, U. Manitoba, Canada, 1950-1954; professor art, chairman, Connecticut College, 1954-1972; professor, Connecticut College, 1954-1978; Henry B. Plant professor art, Connecticut College, 1970-1978.
Member Montville Board Education, 1985-1993. Member Nordica Memorial Association (trustee since 1971).
Married Patricia Caroline Hill, June 3, 1936.