Student Steelville (Missouri) Normal and Business Institute. Bachelor of Laws, University of Missouri, 1894.
He was employed as a farm hand, miner, and in a railroad office. He taught school near Bourbon, Missouri from 1889 to 1892. He graduated from the law department of the University of Missouri in 1894.
He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Houston, Missouri.
He served as delegate to the State judicial conventions in 1896 and 1906. During the Spanish–American War served as a sergeant in Company M, Second Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Infantry.
He served as prosecuting attorney of Texas County in 1901 and 1902. He served as judge of the nineteenth judicial circuit 1923-1928.
Barton was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-second Congress (March 4, 1931 – March 4, 1933).
He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1932 to the Seventy-third Congress. Barton was again elected judge of the nineteenth judicial circuit of Missouri and served from 1934 to 1946. He resumed the private practice of law.
He died in Houston, Missouri, July 29, 1955.
He was interred in Houston Cemetery.
Holy Scripture always has been the authoritative and trustworthy guide for knowing and serving the God who is revealed as Creator, Savior and Advocate.
Member 72d Congress (1931-1933), 16th Missouri District. Served as sergeant Missouri Infantry, United States Volumes, May-November 1898. Mason ( Knights Templar, Shriner), Odd.
Married Marietta Tweed, December 19, 1900.