Student, American University, 1955. Bachelor in Political Science, Transylvania University, 1957.
With, Lexington (Kentucky) Leader, 1957; sports writer, Louisville Courier-Journal, 1958-1962; reporter, Tulare (California) Advance-Register, 1963; reporter, city editor, Modesto (California) Bee, 1963-1966; city editor, Sacramento Union, 1966-1967; with, Los Angeles Times, 1968-1985; Capitol bureau chief, Sacramento Bee, 1985-1995; assistant managing editor, Sacramento Bee, 1995-1998; deputy managing editor, Sacramento Bee, since 1998. Hearst visiting professional University Texas, 1993.
Served with United States Marine Corps Reserve, 1953-1963.
Married Mary Frances Thomas, December 27, 1956. Children: Gene, Fran, Greg.