Associate of Arts, Springfield (Illinois) College, 1957; Bachelor, Illinois College, 1959; Master of Arts, Georgetown University, 1972.
Chief page, Illinois Senate, Springfield, 1957-1963; teacher history, Lanphier High School, Springfield, 1964-1978; teacher history, Benjamin Franklin School, Springfield, since 1979; chairman social science department, Benjamin Franklin School, Springfield, 1989-1994; retired, 1994. Staff member United States House of Representatives, Washington, 1975. Site interpreter Lincoln's Tomb, Springfield, since 1988.
Member Animal Protective League, Springfield. Member National Education Association, Illinois Education Association, Springfield Education Association, Center for French Colonial Studies in Illinois, National Trust for History Preservation, United States Capitol History Society.