Bachelor, Princeton University, 1948. Master of Divinity, Lutheran Seminary, Philadelphia, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University-Union Seminary, 1958.
Doctor of Divinity (honorary), Muhlenberg College, 1966. Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), Hamilton College, 1971. Doctor of Divinity (honorary), Assumption College, 1983.
Doctor of Divinity (honorary), General Theological Seminary, 1991.
Dean, professor theology, Philadelphia Lutheran Seminary, 1956-1976; director church and society department, Lutheran Church in American, New York City, 1976-1980; director faith and order secretariat, World Council Churches, Geneva, 1980-1983; pastor, Holy Trinity Luth Church, New York City, 1983-1987; bishop, Metropolitan New York Synod, New York City, since 1988. Delegate assembly World Council Churches, 1975, 83, Lutheran World Federation, 1977.
Member American Theological Society, American Society Christian Ethics, Princeton University Club.
Married Jacqueline Howell, January 29, 1955. Children: Karen, Victoria, Paul.