Bachelor, University of Oxford, 1962; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Oxford, 1976.
Foreign translator Fng. Language Press, Peking, China, 1963-1965. Lecturer Leeds (England) University, 1965-1988.
Professor Chinese Australian National University, Canberra, since 1988. Visiting professor University East Anglia, Norwich, England, 1997.
Married Eileen Candler, June 24, 1971 (divorced 1984). Children: Lucy, Rachel, Matthew.