Student, Stanford University, 1938-1940; teaching fellow, Eastman School Music, 1942-1944; Bachelor of Arts, Univercity Rochester, 1942; Master of Music, U. Rochester, 1943.
Faculty, Juilliard School Music, New York City, 1946-1963; chairman composition department, also department chairman literature and materials of music, associate dean, Juilliard School Music, New York City, 1961-1963; professor, Juilliard School Music, New York City, 1963-1986; director, School Music, U. Washington, Seattle, 1963-1971. Visiting professor Brooklyn College, CUNY, 1972-1973.
Member American Academy of Arts and Letters, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Mu Alpha.
Married Nancy Nickerson, 1946.