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William Levi Straus

anatomist , educator , physical anthropologist

William Levi Straus, American physical anthropologist, educator, anatomist. Recipient Viking Fund medal and award in physical anthropology, 1952; Guggenheim fellow, 1937-1938.


Straus, William Levi was born on October 29, 1900 in Baltimore. Son of William Levi and Pauline (Gutman) Straus.


Student Harvard, 1917-1918. Bachelor of Arts, Johns Hopkins, 1920, Doctor of Philosophy., 1926.


;Gutman (Mistress Edward Rauh). Married second, Bertha L. Nusbaum, June 15, 1955. National Research Council fellow, 1926-1927.

Instructor to associate professor anatomy Johns Hopkins, 1927-1952, professor physical anthropology, 1952-1957, professor anatomy and physical anthropology, 1957-1966, professor emeritus, 1966-1981, administrative head department anatomy, 1947-1948. Visiting professor anatomy Wayne U., 1950.


  • Editor: (with others) Forerunners of Darwin. 1745-1859, 1959. Editor, contributor: (with Carl G. Hartman) The Anatomy of the Rhesus Monkey, 1933. Editorial board American Journal Anatomy, 1946-1958, Human Biology, 1953-1981, Science and Science Monthly, 1953-1964, Folia Primatologica, since 1962.

    Contributor articles to professional journals.


Member of advisory board Patuxent Institution, Maryland., 1955-1960. Member anatomy board State Maryland., 1947-1952. Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, (editorial board 1953-1964, vice president, chairman anthropology section 1956), American Association Anatomists, American Anthropological Association.

Member American Institute Human Paleontology, American Association Physical Anthropologists (president 1953-1955), American Society Mammalogists, Corporation Marine Biological Laboratory Woods Hole, Zoological Society London (correspondent), American Association University Professors, American Society Zoologists, National Research Council (division medical science 1960-1964), Society Vertebrate Paleontology, National Academy Sciences, Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi.


Married Henrietta S. Hecht, September 19, 1926 (deceased.; married second, Bertha L. Nusbaum, June 15, 1955.

William Levi Straus

Pauline (Gutman) Straus

Henrietta S. Hecht

Bertha L. Nusbaum