Bachelor of Dental Surgery, University London, 1971. Doctor of Philosophy, University Dundee, Scotland, 1986.
From associate to principal, General Dental Practice, Southampton, England, 1975-1981; lecturer, U. Dundee, 1981-1988; senior lecturer, U. Glasgow, Scotland, 1988-1993; professor, U. Glasgow, Scotland, since 1993. Postgraduate dental tutor, Glasgow, 1992-1995.
Served with Royal Air Force, 1971-1975. Fellow Royal College Surgeons Edinburgh, Royal College Physicians and Surgeons Glasgow. Member British Endodontic Society (president), International Association Dental Research, European Society Endodontology.
Married Ann Margaret Biggs, July 10, 1971 (divorced May 1986). Children: Joanna, Iain. Married Elizabeth Muir Hardie, June 24, 1986.