Bachelor, Ouachita College, 1948. Master of Arts, George Peabody College, 1949. Doctor of Philosophy, George Peabody College, 1955.
Assistant Professor of English, Ouachita College, Arkadelphia, Arkansas, 1949-1951; assistant Professor of English, U. Memphis, 1955-1959; associate professor, Memphis State University, 1959-1964; professor, Memphis State University, 1965-1983; professor emeritus, Memphis State University, since 1983. Department chairman English U. Memphis, 1966-1980.
With United States Army, 1942-1945. Member Modern Language Association, Society for Study Southern Literature.
Married Gloria Boyce, January 23, 1992.