Bachelor of Arts, University New Zealand, 1957; Master of Arts, University New Zealand, 1959; Doctor of Philosophy, Australian National U., 1965.
Lecturer history, Monash U., Australia, 1963-1966;
lecturer, senior lecturer, U. Malaya, Malaysia, 1966-1969;
associate professor, Columbia University, New York City, 1969-1973;
professor, Columbia University, New York City, 1973-1990;
professor emeritus, Columbia University, New York City, since 1990. Visiting professor Yale University, 1971, L'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, 1985. Visiting fellow Australian National U., 1974, Trinity College, University of Oxford, England, 1981.
Honorary fellow Edinburgh U., Scotland, since 1992.
Member Royal Asiatic Society (life), Association for Asian Studies, Asian Studies Association Australia, British Society for Middle East Studies, Middle East Studies Association.
Married Susanne Rabbitt, August 2, 1978. Children: Sarah, Emily.