Bachelor, Grinnell College, 1964; Master of Arts, University of California, 1966; Doctor of Philosophy, University of California, 1970.
Assistant Professor of English, Fordham University, Bronx, New York, 1971-1978; assistant Professor of English, Case Western Reserve U., Cleveland, 1978-1983; associate professor, Case Western Reserve U., Cleveland, 1983-1989; professor, Case Western Reserve U., Cleveland, since 1989. Reader, grader Ednl. Testing Svc., Princeton, New Jersey, 1980-1985, 87, 89.
Member Modern Language Association, American Society 18th-Century Studies.
Married Sandra Ellen Kent, August 21, 1965. Children: Ellen Anne, Robert William.