Wilson Lumpkin Edit Profile
He attended the common schools, and taught school and farmed. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Athens, Georgia.
He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection, and was the State Indian Commissioner. He was elected to the Twentieth, Twenty-first, and Twenty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his resignation in 1831 before the convening of the Twenty-second Congress to run for the governorship. He was also commissioner on the Georgia–Florida boundary line commission.
He was elected Governor of Georgia in November 1831. In that election he received 27,305 votes and the incumbent governor George R. Gilmer received 25,863 votes. He served as governor from 1831 to 1835.
In 1835, he was appointed commissioner under the Cherokee treaty in 1835. He was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John P. King and served from November 22, 1837, to March 3, 1841. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-sixth Congress).
Lumpkin's grandson, Middleton P. Barrow, also served in the U.S. Senate. Lumpkin's brother Joseph Henry Lumpkin was the first chief justice of the Georgia supreme court. The settlers of Terminus (current-day Atlanta) voted to rename their town "Lumpkin" after Wilson Lumpkin.
The story that the later name "Atlanta" derives from a nickname "Atalanta" for Martha is not supported by the historical evidence. However, Lumpkin County, Georgia, is named for him.
Member Georgia House of Representatives, 1804-1814, 19-21. Member United States House of Representatives from Georgia, 14th Congress, 1815-1817, 20th-21st congresses, 1827-1831. Member Board of Public Works created by Georgia Legislature to inaugurate system of internal improvements.
Member United States Senate from Georgia, 1837-1841.
Married Elizabeth Walker, November 20, 1800. Married second, Annis Hopkins, January 1, 1821.