Staff planning and development manager Shell Companies Greater China, Hong Kong, 1993—1996. New markets consultant Shell International Oil Products, London, 1996—1998. Member House of Representatives of States General for Labour Party, Netherlands, 1998—2000, 2002—2007.
State secretary finance 2nd Kok Government Netherlands, 2000—2002. Deputy prime minister, minister finance 4th Balkenende Government Netherlands, Netherlands, 2007—2010.