1912 graduated Medical Faculty, Paris University. Qualified as doctor at Moscow University.
Deputy Editor, “Neuropathology” section, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 2nd cd. Contributed to “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya”, 1st edition. Works on neurology, anatomy, physiology and pathohistology of nervous system.
1912-1930 intern, then Assistant, Clinic of Nervous Diseases, 1st Moscow University. 1942-1945 at Neurosurgical Hospital.
Religion is bad because it gets people to believe something untrue.