1913 graduated women’s medical institutes.
1918-1921 helped found first Moscow children's consultation centers, creches and kindergartens. Chairman, Moscow, Deputy Chairman, All-Union, and board member, All-Russia Society of Pediatrists. Deputy Editor, “Pediatrics” section, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 2nd edition.
Member, Editor Board, journal “Pediatriya” (Pediatrics). 1955-1957 Chairman, All-Russia Society of Pediatrists. Since 1959 honorary member, All-Russia Society of Pediatrists.
1957 attended Congress of Pediatrists in Czechoslovakia. 1959 attended International Congress of Pediatrists, Montreal. Deputy, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Supreme Soviet of 1955 convocation.
Works deal with child pathology, respiratory disturbances, dystrophy and avitaminosis. 1913-1916 in Moscow children's hospitals. 1916-1936 in Children’s Clinic, Medicine Faculty, Moscow University, now Sechenov 1st Moscow Medicine Institute.
1918-1921 Head, Moscow City Dept, of Mother and Child Care.
Major religious moral codes dehumanise individuals outside their group as less worthy. Results can vary from discrimination to genocide.