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Zakhariy Grigorevicb FRENKEL

Physician and hygienist

Zakhariy FRENKEL, USSR Physician and hygienist. Professor 1920; Doctor of Medicine Science; full member, USSR Academy of Medical Science, since 1945; member, Editor Council, journal “Gigiena i sanitariya” (Hygiene and Public Health); Honoured Worker of Science Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic since 1945.


FRENKEL, Zakhariy was born in 1869.


1895 graduated Derpt, now Tartu, University.


1910 and 1913 helped organize Social Medicine Department, Russia Pavilion at International Hygiene Exhibition, Dresden, and at All-Russia Hygiene Exhibition, St. Petersburg. Co-founder and first Chairman, Leningrad Department, All-Russia Hygiene Society. Deputy Chairman, All-Union Society of Hygienists.

Works deal with public hygiene, public health, demography and public health statistics. 1902-1909 Head, Medicine Statistics Bureau, Vologda, then Kostroma Gubemiya Zemstvo. 1913-1920 lecturer and 1920-1938 Professor, of Social Hygiene, Leningrad Psychoneurological Institute.

1930-1934 simultaneously Head, Hygiene Section, All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine. 1934-1952 Professor, Chair of Social and Communal Hygiene, Laningrad Postgraduate Medicine Institute.


Religious books are outdated, because laws by nature have to change with the advance of societies and technology.


Marxism–Leninism as the only truth could not, by its very nature, become outdated.