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A. Myrick HI FREEMAN, economist in the field of Natural Resources; Microeconomic Theory; Welfare Theory. Board of Directors, Association Environmental and Resource Economics, 1980-1982; Member, Board Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards, National Academy of Sciences, USA, 1980-1983.


FREEMAN, A. Myrick HI was born in 1936 in Plainfield, New Jersey, United States of America.


Bachelor of Arts Cornell University, 1957. Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy University Washington, 1964, 1965.


Research Association, University Washington, Seattle, Washington, 1963-1964. Assistant Professor, Association Professor, Bowdoin College, 1965-1970, 1970-1975. Visiting Scholar, Resources for the Future, Washington District of Columbia, 1969-1970.

Visiting Association Professor, University Wisconsin-Madison, 1973. Fellow, Resources for the Future, 1976-1978. Professor, University Washington, 1982.

Professor of Economics, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, United States of America, since 1975.


  • Board of Directors, Association Environmental and Resource Economics, 1980-1982. Member, Board Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards, National Academy of Sciences, USA, 1980-1983.



Most of my work in environmental and resource economics has been concerned with the distributional implications of environmental policy, policy analysis, the design of more efficient and effective policy instruments, and the theory of measuring welfare changes associated with environmental and resource policies. I have long been interested in the issues surrounding the distribution among income groups of the benefits and costs of various environmental and resource policy decisions. I worked on one aspect of this problem in my doctoral dissertation on public investments in irrigation projects. I also examined approaches to integrating distributional objectives into the economic analysis of resource development projects.

In later work I traced the impacts of urban air pollution to different income groups and examined the incidence of the costs of controlling automotive air pollution. I have been concerned with the development of more rational and effective policies for controlling air and water pollution. This has led me to write about emission charges and other approaches to achieving cost-effective pollution control. I have also written about risk-benefit assessment and decision-making under uncertainty as applied to setting environmental standards with incomplete information. Finally, as an advocate of greater use of benefit-cost analysis in environmental policy-making, I have had to confront the question of the adequacy of our theoretical and empirical tools for measuring the benefits that would stem from improvements in environmental quality.

I have found two questions to be of particular interest. The first is the question of the appropriate measure of the benefits of the future provision of an environmental service for an individual who is uncertain of his future demand for that service (the ‘option value’ question). The second is the question of the proper interpretation of empirical relationships between property values and air pollution levels within urban residential property markets (the ‘hedonic property value method’).